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FAQs on Hip / Knee Replacement Surgery in IndiaViews: 385
Aug 24, 2011 12:35 pmFAQs on Hip / Knee Replacement Surgery in India#

kavi jha
WHO IS THE CADIDATE FOR TOTAL JOINT REPLACEMENT?
Severely damaged Knee, Hip, Shoulder and Elbow joints can be replaced by advanced methods, helping to get rid of pain, restore movements, and improve the quality of life.


WHEN IS JOINT REPLACEMENT REQUIRED?
1. For severe Arthrirtis- Osteoarthritis, Rheumatoid arthritis, Ankylosing spondilytis – in which the cartilage cushion between the bones forming a joint is badly damaged.

2. For Avascular Necrosis of the hip – in which the hip joint loses its blood supply, becomes deformed and painful.

3. After certain fractures and dislocations of the hip and shoulder joint.


WHEN SHOULD ONE THINK OF SURGERY?
When all methods of treatment have been tried and failed to get rid of pain, increase movements and improve the person’s mobility, surgery can dramatically improve quality of life.


AT WHAT AGE IS JOINT REPLACEMENT ADVISED?
Joint replacement is recommended after the age of 60 years in persons with osteoarthritis.
However it may be advised at a younger age in those with rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosing spondilytis & avascular necrosis. There is no upper age limit as long as the person is medically fit for surgery.


WHAT IS JOINT REPLACEMENT?
Few millimeters of bone from the bone ends forming the joint are carefully removed and replaced by new surfaces made of metal and polyethylene. The parts are usually fixed to bone with bone cement. These materials are well-researched and successfully used for many years, so there is little chance of rejection or reaction.


WHICH JOINTS CAN BE REPLACED?
The knee and hip joints are most commonly replaced, followed by the shoulder and elbow.


ARE THERE DIFFERENT TYPES OF JOINT REPLACEMENT?
Yes. Joint replacements may be Total (that is, all surfaces forming the joint are replaced) or Partial or Unicompartmental (only one half of the joint or only one surface may be replaced), depending on the severity.
There are also several designs, some of which have been in use for more years and some with better results than others.

Read more: http://kneeortho.org/FAQs.html


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