Danielle (Dani) Cutler
Really, there isn't much to "get between
the lines" on. But it's an excellent sermon. Excellent. Another speech the media
would never bring any detailed attention to, since it says too many truths America
doesn't want to hear.
The Drum Major Instinct
This morning I would like to use as a subject from which to preach: "The Drum Major
Instinct." "The Drum Major Instinct." And our text for the morning is taken from a
very familiar passage in the tenth chapter as recorded by Saint Mark. Beginning with
the thirty-fifth verse of that chapter, we read these words: "And James and John,
the sons of Zebedee, came unto him saying, ‘Master, we would that thou shouldest do
for us whatsoever we shall desire.’ And he said unto them, ‘What would ye that I should
do for you?’ And they said unto him, ‘Grant unto us that we may sit, one on thy right
hand, and the other on thy left hand, in thy glory.’ But Jesus said unto them, ‘Ye
know not what ye ask: Can ye drink of the cup that I drink of? and be baptized with
the baptism that I am baptized with?’ And they said unto him, ‘We can.’ And Jesus
said unto them, ‘Ye shall indeed drink of the cup that I drink of, and with the baptism
that I am baptized withal shall ye be baptized: but to sit on my right hand and on
my left hand is not mine to give; but it shall be given to them for whom it is prepared.’"
And then Jesus goes on toward the end of that passage to say, "But so shall it not
be among you: but whosoever will be great among you, shall be your servant: and whosoever
of you will be the chiefest, shall be servant of all."
The setting is clear. James and John are making a specific request of the master.
They had dreamed, as most of the Hebrews dreamed, of a coming king of Israel who would
set Jerusalem free and establish his kingdom on Mount Zion, and in righteousness rule
the world. And they thought of Jesus as this kind of king. And they were thinking
of that day when Jesus would reign supreme as this new king of Israel. And they were
saying, "Now when you establish your kingdom, let one of us sit on the right hand
and the other on the left hand of your throne."
Now very quickly, we would automatically condemn James and John, and we would say
they were selfish. Why would they make such a selfish request? But before we condemn
them too quickly, let us look calmly and honestly at ourselves, and we will discover
that we too have those same basic desires for recognition, for importance. That same
desire for attention, that same desire to be first. Of course, the other disciples
got mad with James and John, and you could understand why, but we must understand
that we have some of the same James and John qualities. And there is deep down within
all of us an instinct. It's a kind of drum major instinct—a desire to be out front,
a desire to lead the parade, a desire to be first. And it is something that runs the
whole gamut of life.
And so before we condemn them, let us see that we all have the drum major instinct.
We all want to be important, to surpass others, to achieve distinction, to lead the
parade. Alfred Adler, the great psychoanalyst, contends that this is the dominant
impulse. Sigmund Freud used to contend that sex was the dominant impulse, and Adler
came with a new argument saying that this quest for recognition, this desire for attention,
this desire for distinction is the basic impulse, the basic drive of human life, this
drum major instinct.
And you know, we begin early to ask life to put us first. Our first cry as
a baby was a bid for attention. And all through childhood the drum major impulse or
instinct is a major obsession. Children ask life to grant them first place. They are
a little bundle of ego. And they have innately the drum major impulse or the drum
Just natural, really. I would add that a lot of this
instinct as an infant comes from merely being completely helpless. Interesting to
Now in adult life, we still have it, and we really never get by it. We like
to do something good. And you know, we like to be praised for it. Now if
you don't believe that, you just go on living life, and you will discover very soon
that you like to be praised. Everybody likes it, as a matter of fact. And somehow
this warm glow we feel when we are praised or when our name is in print is something
of the vitamin A to our ego. Nobody is unhappy when they are praised, even
if they know they don't deserve it and even if they don't believe it. The only unhappy
people about praise is when that praise is going too much toward somebody else. (That’s
right) But everybody likes to be praised because of this real drum major instinct.
Definitely true- I've felt both sides of this plenty.
Just in the last couple of days I've been talking to someone who has really been making
me feel very good about what I'm doing. And I definitely like it, there's no
shame in that. Unfortunately there are many out there who only do good deeds for the
praise, and not for the deed itself. That is what's shameful. It's the
curse of the ego., and it doesn't have any rhyme or reason to it. Usually you don't
even know a person is like that until you've been involved with one of those
types. Then it becomes easier and easier to spot a fake.
Now the presence of the drum major instinct is why so many people are "joiners." You
know, there are some people who just join everything. And it's really a quest for
attention and recognition and importance. And they get names that give them that impression.
So you get your groups, and they become the "Grand Patron," and the little fellow
who is henpecked at home needs a chance to be the "Most Worthy of the Most Worthy"
of something. It is the drum major impulse and longing that runs the gamut of human
life. And so we see it everywhere, this quest for recognition. And we join things,
overjoin really, that we think that we will find that recognition in.
Now the presence of this instinct explains why we are so often taken by advertisers.
You know, those gentlemen of massive verbal persuasion. And they have a way of saying
things to you that kind of gets you into buying. In order to be a man of distinction,
you must drink this whiskey. In order to make your neighbors envious, you
must drive this type of car. (Make it plain) In order to be lovely to love
you must wear this kind of lipstick or this kind of perfume. And you know, before
you know it, you're just buying that stuff. (Yes) That's the way the advertisers
What's really scary? It still works. Mostly I see it
in the car category.
I got a letter the other day, and it was a new magazine coming out. And it opened
up, "Dear Dr. King: As you know, you are on many mailing lists. And you are categorized
as highly intelligent, progressive, a lover of the arts and the sciences, and I know
you will want to read what I have to say." Of course I did. After you said all of
that and explained me so exactly, of course I wanted to read it. [laughter]
What a great sense of humor this man had!
But very seriously, it goes through life; the drum major instinct is real. (Yes)
And you know what else it causes to happen? It often causes us to live above our means.
(Make it plain) It's nothing but the drum major instinct. Do you ever
see people buy cars that they can't even begin to buy in terms of their income? (Amen)
[laughter] You've seen people riding around in Cadillacs and Chryslers who
don't earn enough to have a good T-Model Ford. (Make it plain) But
it feeds a repressed ego.
You know, economists tell us that your automobile should not cost more than half of
your annual income. So if you make an income of five thousand dollars, your car shouldn't
cost more than about twenty-five hundred. That's just good economics. And if it's
a family of two, and both members of the family make ten thousand dollars, they would
have to make out with one car. That would be good economics, although it's often inconvenient.
But so often, haven't you seen people making five thousand dollars a year and driving
a car that costs six thousand? And they wonder why their ends never meet. [laughter]
That's a fact.
Now the economists also say that your house shouldn't cost—if you're buying a house,
it shouldn't cost more than twice your income. That's based on the economy and how
you would make ends meet. So, if you have an income of five thousand dollars, it's
kind of difficult in this society. But say it's a family with an income of ten thousand
dollars, the house shouldn't cost much more than twenty thousand. Well, I've seen
folk making ten thousand dollars, living in a forty- and fifty-thousand-dollar house.
And you know they just barely make it. They get a check every month somewhere, and
they owe all of that out before it comes in. Never have anything to put away for rainy
But now the problem is, it is the drum major instinct. And you know, you see people
over and over again with the drum major instinct taking them over. And they just live
their lives trying to outdo the Joneses. (Amen) They got to get this coat because
this particular coat is a little better and a little better-looking than Mary's coat.
And I got to drive this car because it's something about this car that makes my car
a little better than my neighbor's car. (Amen) I know a man who used to live
in a thirty-five-thousand-dollar house. And other people started building thirty-five-thousand-dollar
houses, so he built a seventy-five-thousand-dollar house. And then somebody else built
a seventy-five-thousand-dollar house, and he built a hundred-thousand-dollar house.
And I don't know where he's going to end up if he's going to live his life trying
to keep up with the Joneses.
Now we get to the good stuff.
There comes a time that the drum major instinct can become destructive. (Make it
plain) And that's where I want to move now. I want to move to the point of saying
that if this instinct is not harnessed, it becomes a very dangerous, pernicious instinct. For
instance, if it isn’t harnessed, it causes one's personality to become distorted. I
guess that's the most damaging aspect of it: what it does to the personality. If
it isn't harnessed, you will end up day in and day out trying to deal with your ego
problem by boasting. Have you ever heard people that—you know, and I'm sure you've
met them—that really become sickening because they just sit up all the time talking
about themselves. (Amen) And they just boast and boast and boast, and that's
the person who has not harnessed the drum major instinct.
And then it does other things to the personality. It causes you to lie about who you
know sometimes. (Amen, Make it plain) There are some people who are influence
peddlers. And in their attempt to deal with the drum major instinct, they have to
try to identify with the so-called big-name people. (Yeah, Make it plain) And
if you're not careful, they will make you think they know somebody that they don't
really know. (Amen) They know them well, they sip tea with them, and they this-and-that.
That happens to people.
And the other thing is that it causes one to engage ultimately in activities that
are merely used to get attention. Criminologists tell us that some people are driven
to crime because of this drum major instinct. They don't feel that they are getting
enough attention through the normal channels of social behavior, and so they turn
to anti-social behavior in order to get attention, in order to feel important. (Yeah)
And so they get that gun, and before they know it they robbed a bank in a quest for
recognition, in a quest for importance.
And then the final great tragedy of the distorted personality is the fact
that when one fails to harness this instinct, (Glory to God) he ends up
trying to push others down in order to push himself up. (Amen)
And whenever you do that, you engage in some of the most vicious activities. You will
spread evil, vicious, lying gossip on people, because you are trying to pull them
down in order to push yourself up. (Make it plain) And the great issue of life
is to harness the drum major instinct.
Now the other problem is, when you don't harness the drum major instinct—this uncontrolled
aspect of it—is that it leads to snobbish exclusivism. It leads to snobbish exclusivism.
(Make it plain) And you know, this is the danger of social clubs and fraternities—I'm
in a fraternity; I'm in two or three—for sororities and all of these, I'm not talking
against them. I'm saying it's the danger. The danger is that they can become forces
of classism and exclusivism where somehow you get a degree of satisfaction because
you are in something exclusive. And that's fulfilling something, you know—that I'm
in this fraternity, and it's the best fraternity in the world, and everybody can't
get in this fraternity. So it ends up, you know, a very exclusive kind of thing.
And you know, that can happen with the church; I know churches get in that bind sometimes.
(Amen, Make it plain) I've been to churches, you know, and they say, "We have
so many doctors, and so many school teachers, and so many lawyers, and so many businessmen
in our church." And that's fine, because doctors need to go to church, and lawyers,
and businessmen, teachers—they ought to be in church. But they say that—even the preacher
sometimes will go all through that—they say that as if the other people don't count.
And the church is the one place where a doctor ought to forget that he's a doctor.
The church is the one place where a Ph.D. ought to forget that he's a Ph.D. (Yes)
The church is the one place that the school teacher ought to forget the degree she
has behind her name. The church is the one place where the lawyer ought to forget
that he's a lawyer. And any church that violates the "whosoever will, let him come"
doctrine is a dead, cold church, (Yes) and nothing but a little social club
with a thin veneer of religiosity.
When the church is true to its nature, (Whoo) it says, "Whosoever will, let
him come." (Yes) And it does not supposed to satisfy the perverted uses of
the drum major instinct. It's the one place where everybody should be the same, standing
before a common master and savior. (Yes, sir) And a recognition grows out of
this—that all men are brothers because they are children (Yes) of a common
The drum major instinct can lead to exclusivism in one's thinking and can
lead one to feel that because he has some training, he's a little better than that
person who doesn't have it. Or because he has some economic security, that
he's a little better than that person who doesn't have it. And that's the uncontrolled,
perverted use of the drum major instinct.
Now the other thing is, that it leads to tragic—and we've seen it happen so often—tragic
race prejudice. Many who have written about this problem—Lillian Smith used to say
it beautifully in some of her books. And she would say it to the point of getting
men and women to see the source of the problem. Do you know that a lot of the race
problem grows out of the drum major instinct? A need that some people have
to feel superior. A need that some people have to feel that they are first, and to
feel that their white skin ordained them to be first. (Make it plain,
today, ‘cause I’m against it, so help me God) And they have said over
and over again in ways that we see with our own eyes. In fact, not too long ago, a
man down in Mississippi said that God was a charter member of the White Citizens Council.
And so God being the charter member means that everybody who's in that has a kind
of divinity, a kind of superiority. And think of what has happened in history as a
result of this perverted use of the drum major instinct. It has led to the
most tragic prejudice, the most tragic expressions of man's inhumanity to man.
The other day I was saying, I always try to do a little converting when I'm in jail.
And when we were in jail in Birmingham the other day, the white wardens and all enjoyed
coming around the cell to talk about the race problem. And they were showing us where
we were so wrong demonstrating. And they were showing us where segregation was so
right. And they were showing us where intermarriage was so wrong. So I would get to
preaching, and we would get to talking—calmly, because they wanted to talk about it. And
then we got down one day to the point—that was the second or third day—to talk about
where they lived, and how much they were earning. And when those brothers told me
what they were earning, I said, "Now, you know what? You ought to be marching with
us. [laughter] You're just as poor as Negroes." And I said, "You are put in
the position of supporting your oppressor, because through prejudice and blindness,
you fail to see that the same forces that oppress Negroes in American society oppress
poor white people. (Yes) And all you are living on is the satisfaction of your
skin being white, and the drum major instinct of thinking that you are somebody big
because you are white. And you're so poor you can't send your children to school.
You ought to be out here marching with every one of us every time we have a march."
Now that's a fact. That the poor white has been put into this position, where through
blindness and prejudice, (Make it plain) he is forced to support his oppressors.
And the only thing he has going for him is the false feeling that he’s superior because
his skin is white—and can't hardly eat and make his ends meet week in and week out.
And not only does this thing go into the racial struggle, it goes into the struggle
between nations. And I would submit to you this morning that what
is wrong in the world today is that the nations of the world are engaged in a bitter,
colossal contest for supremacy. And if something doesn't happen to stop this trend,
I'm sorely afraid that we won't be here to talk about Jesus Christ and about God and
about brotherhood too many more years. (Yeah) If somebody doesn't bring an
end to this suicidal thrust that we see in the world today, none of us are going to
be around, because somebody's going to make the mistake through our senseless blunderings
of dropping a nuclear bomb somewhere. And then another one is going to drop. And don't
let anybody fool you, this can happen within a matter of seconds. (Amen) They
have twenty-megaton bombs in Russia right now that can destroy a city as big as New
York in three seconds, with everybody wiped away, and every building. And we can do
the same thing to Russia and China.
What's changed? Nothing.
But this is why we are drifting. And we are drifting there because nations
are caught up with the drum major instinct. "I must be first." "I must be supreme."
"Our nation must rule the world." (Preach it) And I am sad to say that the
nation in which we live is the supreme culprit. And I'm going to continue to say it
to America, because I love this country too much to see the drift that it has taken.
God didn't call America to do what she's doing in the world now. (Preach
it, preach it) God didn't call America to engage in a senseless, unjust war as
the war in Vietnam. And we are criminals in that war. We’ve committed more war crimes
almost than any nation in the world, and I'm going to continue to say it. And we won't
stop it because of our pride and our arrogance as a nation.
But God has a way of even putting nations in their place. (Amen) The God that
I worship has a way of saying, "Don't play with me." (Yes) He has a way of
saying, as the God of the Old Testament used to say to the Hebrews, "Don’t play with
me, Israel. Don't play with me, Babylon. (Yes) Be still and know that I'm God.
And if you don't stop your reckless course, I'll rise up and break the backbone of
your power." (Yes) And that can happen to America. (Yes) Every now and
then I go back and read Gibbons' Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire. And
when I come and look at America, I say to myself, the parallels are frightening. And
we have perverted the drum major instinct.
But let me rush on to my conclusion, because I want you to see what Jesus was really
saying. What was the answer that Jesus gave these men? It's very interesting. One
would have thought that Jesus would have condemned them. One would have thought that
Jesus would have said, "You are out of your place. You are selfish. Why would you
raise such a question?"
But that isn't what Jesus did; he did something altogether different. He said in substance,
"Oh, I see, you want to be first. You want to be great. You want to be important.
You want to be significant. Well, you ought to be. If you're going to be my disciple,
you must be." But he reordered priorities. And he said, "Yes, don't give up
this instinct. It's a good instinct if you use it right. (Yes) It's a good
instinct if you don't distort it and pervert it. Don't give it up. Keep feeling the
need for being important. Keep feeling the need for being first. But I want you to
be first in love. (Amen) I want you to be first in moral excellence. I want
you to be first in generosity. That is what I want you to do."
You know, Christians ought to get to know this Jesus
guy Dr. King speaks of.
And he transformed the situation by giving a new definition of greatness. And you
know how he said it? He said, "Now brethren, I can't give you greatness. And really,
I can't make you first." This is what Jesus said to James and John. "You must earn
it. True greatness comes not by favoritism, but by fitness. And the right hand and
the left are not mine to give, they belong to those who are prepared." (Amen)
And so Jesus gave us a new norm of greatness. If you want to be important—wonderful.
If you want to be recognized—wonderful. If you want to be great—wonderful. But recognize
that he who is greatest among you shall be your servant. (Amen) That's a new
definition of greatness.
And this morning, the thing that I like about it: by giving that definition of greatness,
it means that everybody can be great, (Everybody) because everybody can serve.
(Amen) You don't have to have a college degree to serve. (All right)
You don't have to make your subject and your verb agree to serve. You don't have to
know about Plato and Aristotle to serve. You don't have to know Einstein's theory
of relativity to serve. You don't have to know the second theory of thermodynamics
in physics to serve. (Amen) You only need a heart full of grace, (Yes, sir,
Amen) a soul generated by love. (Yes) And you can be that servant.
I know a man—and I just want to talk about him a minute, and maybe you will discover
who I'm talking about as I go down the way (Yeah) because he was a great one.
And he just went about serving. He was born in an obscure village, (Yes, sir)
the child of a poor peasant woman. And then he grew up in still another obscure village,
where he worked as a carpenter until he was thirty years old. (Amen) Then for
three years, he just got on his feet, and he was an itinerant preacher. And he went
about doing some things. He didn't have much. He never wrote a book. He never held
an office. He never had a family. (Yes) He never owned a house. He never went
to college. He never visited a big city. He never went two hundred miles from where
he was born. He did none of the usual things that the world would associate with greatness.
He had no credentials but himself.
He was only thirty-three when the tide of public opinion turned against him. They
called him a rabble-rouser. They called him a troublemaker. They said he was an agitator.
(Glory to God) He practiced civil disobedience; he broke injunctions. And so
he was turned over to his enemies and went through the mockery of a trial. And the
irony of it all is that his friends turned him over to them. (Amen) One of
his closest friends denied him. Another of his friends turned him over to his enemies.
And while he was dying, the people who killed him gambled for his clothing, the only
possession that he had in the world. (Lord help him) When he was dead he was
buried in a borrowed tomb, through the pity of a friend.
Nineteen centuries have come and gone and today he stands as the most influential
figure that ever entered human history. All of the armies that ever marched, all the
navies that ever sailed, all the parliaments that ever sat, and all the kings that
ever reigned put together (Yes) have not affected the life of man on this earth
(Amen) as much as that one solitary life. His name may be a familiar one. (Jesus)
But today I can hear them talking about him. Every now and then somebody says, "He's
King of Kings." (Yes) And again I can hear somebody saying, "He's Lord of Lords."
Somewhere else I can hear somebody saying, "In Christ there is no East nor West."
(Yes) And then they go on and talk about, "In Him there's no North and South,
but one great Fellowship of Love throughout the whole wide world." He didn't have
anything. (Amen) He just went around serving and doing good.
This morning, you can be on his right hand and his left hand if you serve. (Amen)
It's the only way in.
This next part is a little freaky, considering it was
made only two months before he was murdered.
Every now and then I guess we all think realistically (Yes, sir) about that
day when we will be victimized with what is life's final common denominator—that something
that we call death. We all think about it. And every now and then I think about my
own death and I think about my own funeral. And I don't think of it in a morbid sense.
And every now and then I ask myself, "What is it that I would want said?" And I leave
the word to you this morning.
If any of you are around when I have to meet my day, I don’t want a long funeral.
And if you get somebody to deliver the eulogy, tell them not to talk too long. (Yes)
And every now and then I wonder what I want them to say. Tell them not to mention
that I have a Nobel Peace Prize—that isn’t important. Tell them not to mention that
I have three or four hundred other awards—that’s not important. Tell them not to mention
where I went to school. (Yes)
I'd like somebody to mention that day that Martin Luther King, Jr., tried to give
his life serving others. (Yes)
I'd like for somebody to say that day that Martin Luther King, Jr., tried to love
I want you to say that day that I tried to be right on the war question. (Amen)
I want you to be able to say that day that I did try to feed the hungry. (Yes)
And I want you to be able to say that day that I did try in my life to clothe those
who were naked. (Yes)
I want you to say on that day that I did try in my life to visit those who were in
I want you to say that I tried to love and serve humanity. (Yes)
Yes, if you want to say that I was a drum major, say that I was a drum major for justice.
(Amen) Say that I was a drum major for peace. (Yes) I was a drum major
for righteousness. And all of the other shallow things will not matter. (Yes)
I won't have any money to leave behind. I won't have the fine and luxurious things
of life to leave behind. But I just want to leave a committed life behind. (Amen)
And that's all I want to say.
If I can help somebody as I pass along,
If I can cheer somebody with a word or song,
If I can show somebody he's traveling wrong,
Then my living will not be in vain.
If I can do my duty as a Christian ought,
If I can bring salvation to a world once wrought,
If I can spread the message as the master taught,
Then my living will not be in vain.
Yes, Jesus, I want to be on your right or your left side, (Yes) not for any
selfish reason. I want to be on your right or your left side, not in terms of some
political kingdom or ambition. But I just want to be there in love and in justice
and in truth and in commitment to others, so that we can make of this old world a
Delivered at Ebenezer Baptist Church, Atlanta, Georgia, on 4 February 1968. MLKEC.
2008: The Year of the Status Quo
Fight it and push yourself further!
Private Reply to Danielle (Dani) Cutler